By Cem Eroğul
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Extra info for An Essay on the Nature of the State
Neutrality is by no means a condition of being scientific. History is witness that scientists have very often fought fierce battles in relation to their scientific attitudes. Nowadays, in the general field of social science, no attitude can escape being biased in a world where social interests clash at their roots. The only scientific outlet left lies not in adopting a superficial neutrality, but in assuming consciously the point of view of those social groups which, objectively, are most interested in unveiling social reality.
M. g. D. g. R. Macridis). And so on. No one is to blame for this diversity. Every scientist has to start with a definition. He/she needs it to be able to build a theoretical frame of reference without which no scientific research is possible. In fields where there is a consensus on the object under scrutiny, definitions are usually shared by the entirety, or at least vast majority of the scientific community. In fields like politics where there is no consensus, every scientist feels rightly free to adopt a definition of his/her own.
Man learned to make clothes, shelters and even boats out of hides, and the fat was usecl as oil for stone candles. The bones and horns were easily sharpened by stone axes and used in making 54 AN ESSAY ON THE NATURE OF THE STATE ali sorts of cutting' and boring tools, spear-ends, sewing needles, ete. Finally, one of the most important discoveries occuring towards the end of the savage period, was the bow and arrow. Owing to this, hunting was greatly facilitated and it became a much more reliable source of food and livelihood.