J. Eilenberg, Heikki M. T. Hokkanen's An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control PDF

By J. Eilenberg, Heikki M. T. Hokkanen

Biological regulate is likely one of the such a lot promising tools for regulate of pests, ailments and weeds, and this ebook treats ecological and societal facets jointly for the 1st time. the purpose is to guage the importance of yes organic homes like biodiversity and common habitats. In a societal method phrases like ‘consumer’s attitude’, ‘risk perception’, ‘learning and schooling’ and ‘value triangle’ are famous as major for organic creation and human welfare.

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Extra info for An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control (Progress in Biological Control)

Example text

2005) A) Crop protection Insects Nematodes Adalia bipunctata Anthocoris nemoralis Aphelinus abdominalis A. colemanii A. ervi Aphidoletes aphidimyza Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Dacnusa sibirica Diglyphus isaea Encarsia formosa Feltiella acarisuga Leptomastidea abnormis Leptomastix dactylopii Macrolophus caliginosus Metaphycus helvolus Microterys flavus Orius insidiosus O. laevigatus O. majusculus Pseudaphycus maculipennis Trichogramma brassicae Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Phasmarhabditis hermaprodita Steinernema carpocapsae S.

However, there is no scope for such discussions at the farmer’s level; the standards currently in force have to be followed strictly. 1. Allowed or not? – Check against the evaluation criteria Some standards for organic farming provide criteria for the evaluation of inputs. In the following, it is described how biological control methods are evaluated against the criteria given in Appendix 3 of the IBS (necessity; nature and mode of production; environment; human health and quality; ethical aspects; socio-economic aspects) plus one additional criterion given in the Codex guidelines for organically produced food (“consistency with priniciples of organic production”).

It provides legally binding standards for organic production, processing and marketing of organic products. The regulation reflects the political consensus between the EU member states, and not so much the principles of organic farming. It contains general principles of production and detailed lists of allowed inputs, additives and processing aids for organic food processing. Reg 2092/91 offers little flexibility with respect to including new inputs. For a 30 B. SPEISER, E. WYSS AND V. MAURER comprehensive overview of this regulation, see Schmidt & Haccius (1992) and Graf et al.

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