By Kevin D. Mccranie
Lord Keith, a Scottish admiral who rose to prominence serving His Majesty from 1761 to 1815, ended his profession by means of overseeing Napoleon’s give up in 1815. Born George Keith Elphinstone, Keith at one time or one other held approximately each very important command within the British army, and his tale illustrates the navy’s historical past throughout the Age of battling Sail. McCranie’s e-book is the 1st smooth biography of Keith, who realized the artwork of commanding unmarried ships and small squadrons through the American Revolution. Keith ultimately commanded 4 significant fleets—the japanese Seas, the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Channel. notwithstanding he by no means led a fleet into conflict, Keith supported joint operations with the British military and its allies whereas concurrently conserving command of the ocean and making sure the unfastened passage of trade. a talented administrator, who every now and then managed greater than 2 hundred ships over hundreds of thousands of sq. miles of ocean, Keith effectively navigated the political and social waters in addition. Drawing on greater than 100,000 deepest and public files, McCranie records Keith’s dealings with the British govt, the Royal kinfolk, the Admiralty, the French govt, the French army, the British military, and Britain’s allies. mentioning letters Keith wrote to his spouse, his sister, his oldest daughter, and his father, to whom he defined his first impressions of the military, the writer bargains a private portrait and narrative of a career-conscious officer who fearful approximately what others considered him. This ebook will attract historians of the Royal military, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic period, in addition to lovers of the Age of combating Sail.
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Additional info for Admiral Lord Keith and the Naval War against Napoleon (New Perspectives on Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology)
On the hill opposite the ravine were the ruins of a castle where the French had placed two more guns. Nearby they had deployed more of their infantry behind the walls of a vineyard. , and Elphinstone concluded that he had to either advance or withdraw to Toulon. He attacked. The detachments on each flank opened fire while the main force arrived undetected within two hundred yards of Ollioules. Elphinstone ordered these men to advance in column. His troops rushed the town, captured the guns, and advanced up the hill, taking two colors and many prisoners.
His illness lingered for a year, keeping him out of the public eye. In late 1790 he traveled to London, met with the Prince of Wales, and then sailed for the Mediterranean in hopes that the warmer climate would improve his health. ”33 However, he became stronger soon after arrival at Nice, where he decided to stay. By early March he wrote, “My bowels are rather better,” and he even celebrated with the local inhabitants during the Carnival season. ”34 During his stay in Nice, the French Revolution concerned Elphinstone because of its proximity and its increasing radicalism.
46 Toulon proved difficult to defend. The city was located on a narrow coastal plain dominated by hills, the highest being the 1,700-foot Mount Faron. The western defenses were particularly weak, and after the arrival of a young artillery captain named Napoleon Bonaparte in mid-September, the French applied pressure to this area. With Goodall’s appointment as governor of Toulon, Elphinstone received command of the city’s eastern defenses, centered on Fort la Malgue. ”47 Elphinstone’s next challenge occurred on the night of 1 October.