A Medieval Family: The Pastons of Fifteenth-Century England by Frances Gies, Joseph Gies PDF

By Frances Gies, Joseph Gies

The Pastons kin of Norfolk, England, has lengthy been recognized to medieval students for its huge number of own correspondence, which has survived 5 centuries. Revealing a wealth of knowledge approximately manners, morals, way of life, and attitudes of the overdue heart a long time, the letters additionally inform the tale of 3 generations of the fifteenth-century Paston kinfolk that treads like a ancient novel filled with memorable characters: Margaret Paston, the indomitable spouse and mom who fought the family's battles; her husband, John Paston I, difficult, hardheaded, and 3 times limited to Fleet felony yet by no means yielding to his enemies; daughter Margery, who scandalized friends and family by way of falling in love with the Paston bailiff, Richard Calle; lighthearted, chivalric Sir John; and joyful, good John III, who opposed to all odds succeeded in marrying for love.

A Medieval Family lines the Pastons heritage from 1420, in the course of the stormy Wars of the Roses, to the early 1500s. The family's tale, extracted from their letters and papers and advised mostly of their personal phrases, indicates an aspect of background not often printed: the lives and fortunes now not of kings and queens yet of standard middle-class individuals with difficulties, tragedies, and moments of happiness.

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2 But, unless our text of Bernard's letter has undergone an alteration of which we have no knowledge, this was not quite what Bernard wrote; Bernard in fact asked the pope to judge whether one who impugns the faith of Peter should 1 Confessiofdei ad Hcloisam (PL. 178, 375c). D . Van den Eynde, 'Chronologie des ecrits d'Abelard a Heloise', pp. 344-7 demonstrates that this Confessio was written in 1139 before Abelard's trial. 2 'Testatur etiam rancorem animi ejus epistola ad Innocentium papam directa, in qua sic stomachatur: "Non debet, inquit, refugium invenire apud sedem Petri, qui fidem impugnat Petri",' Apolog.

P. McLaughlin; cf. also PL. 178, 255-314. On the chronology of Abelard's writings to Heloise see D. Van den Eynde, 'Chronologie des ecrits d'Abelard a Heloise'. 7 Epist. IX, de studio litterarum, PL. 178, 325-336. 1 To Heloise Abelard owed the stimulus for much of his writing. 4' The commentary on the Hexaemeron was written for Heloise and her Problemata led Abelard to expound some forty-two Scriptural passages and difficulties. In addition to the series of personal letters Heloise was the recipient of a Confession of Faith in which Abelard expressed his deepest wishes and convictions.

182, 1281). 4 Ed. Landgraf, Laborantis Cardinalis Opuscula, pp. 61-2. 5 'Diverso vero tempore prolata idem significant, ut si quis diceret heri: Hermannus leget eras, qui idem dicat: Hermannus legit hodie et eras idem dicat: Hermannus legit heri, idem significat, scilicet quod ego hodie legerim. Idem namque est me heri fuisse hodie lecturum et me hodie legere et eras me hodie legisse', PL. 178, 1728D. On this see Ostlender, 'Die Sentenzenbucher', pp. 210-13. 6 See my article 'The Authorship of the Ysagoge in theologiam which is to appear in the AHDLMA.

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