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Bernard of Clairvaux is likely to be the main debatable determine of Western Europe's shiny 12th century. in contrast to Abelard, who's noticeable as a proponent of recent pondering, Bernard is frequently relegated to the darkest nook of the center a long time. not anything is simple with Bernard, yet those clean reviews of him and their stories of contemporary scholarship let the reader to make a extra balanced review of the fellow, his writings, and his influence on his interval. Bernard emerges as a multifaceted determine who sought to reform monasticism and ended up changing into a saint with an attract nearly all periods in medieval society. Bernard lives on this present day with the lay and monastic students who proceed to discover new layers of which means in his writings.
Contributors comprise Christopher Holdsworth, Michael Casey, James France, Diane Reilly, John Sommerfeldt, Mette B. Bruun, Burcht Pranger, Chrysogonus Waddell, E. Rozanne Elder, and Brian Patrick McGui.

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Extra resources for A Companion to Bernard of Clairvaux (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition, Volume 25)

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33. 35. 35, Cawley p. 35. 77 I follow Christopher Holdsworth, “The Early Writings of Bernard of Clairvaux” (note 67 above), p. 58. com) give 1118, but Archdale A. King in his still useful Cîteaux and her Elder Daughters (London, 1954) gives 1119. 78 Holdsworth, “The Early Writings of Bernard of Clairvaux” (note 67 above), pp. 36–39. Sermones in laudibus Virginis Mariae, SBO 3, pp. 13–58. ” Introduction to On the Song of Songs, vol. 2, trans. Kilian Walsh (Kalamazoo, 1976), pp. vii–xxx. 17) and as if the Sun of righteousness were shining close to earth (Mal.

See Elphège Vacandard, Vie de Saint Bernard, abbé de Clairvaux, 2 vols, 4th ed. (Paris, 1927), 1:1. 20 For background, Commission d’Histoire de l’Ordre de Cîteaux, Bernard de Clairvaux (Paris, 1953), “Le milieu familial,” pp. 3–15. 21 PL 185:537: “referente quodam abbate religiosissimo, nomine, Roberto, qui magis quam sexaginta septem annis in monasterio sub jugo regularis disciplinae vixit; nepos siquidem ejusdem matronae . . ” As stated, this is the Robert to whom Bernard composed the letter.

Trans. Michael Casey, Cistercians and Cluniacs: St Bernard’s Apologia to Abbot William, in The Works of Bernard of Clairvaux 1. Treatises 1 (Shannon, Ireland, 1970), p. 41. 89 SBO 3, p. 19), trans. p. 54. 31, SBO 3, p. 107, trans. pp. 68–69. 91 At the same time, however, it shows the young abbot already at the peak of his capacity as a writer who could use every literary device and human emotion in order to plead, cajole, flatter, threaten, and overwhelm his correspondent. Bernard could be bitingly satirical, but at times he appears just angry, outraged that his close relative could have abandoned the Cistercian life: “You foolish boy!

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