By Nigel Cawthorne
Who was once Robin Hood? all through background the figures of the hooded guy of Sherwood woodland and his band of outlaws have transfixed readers and audience; yet the place does the parable come from? the tale seemed out of the legend of the fairway guy yet came upon its situation in the course of the reign of Richard II, the Lionheart, who used to be clear of England struggling with within the crusades. In his absence his brother John lay waste to the rustic. yet does this inform the complete tale? was once Robin a bandit prince prior to a troop of brigands? Who used to be the Sherrif and used to be he actually the valid legislations within the land scuffling with vigilantes?
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Let us call it the gift of the Muses’ mother, Memory, and say that whenever we wish to remember something we see or hear or conceive in our own minds, we hold this wax under the perceptions or ideas and imprint them on it as we might stamp the impression of a seal ring. 22 Plato’s choice of phrase, ‘‘ke´rinon ekmag¯eion’’ (block of wax), is significant, for the noun ekmag¯eion has a long career in philosophical writing. 24 They served for memoranda of all sorts – ephemeral and occasional writing, like school notes and exercises, sketches of compositions, bills and accounts.
A currently accepted picture of the intellectual history of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries is one of movement from a Neoplatonist matter/spirit dualism, influenced profoundly by Augustine (though not identical with his thought), to an Aristotelian hylemorphism articulated most successfully by Thomas Aquinas. But to associate an interest in memorial practice with one of these schools more than the other is misleading, as I discovered early in my study of the subject. While the Neoplatonist–Aristotelian distinction is crucial in some areas of medieval culture, it is not, I think, when it comes to this one.